Stroke Risk Factors

Stroke risk factors

Risk factors are things or conditions that increase your risk of having a stroke.  The risk factors that can increase your risk of having a stroke can be divided into two categories.

Risk factors you can’t control

  • Age (the older you get, the greater your chances of having a stroke)
  • Gender (men have a greater risk of having a stroke than women)
  • Family history (if a parent, brother, sister or child had a stroke before age 65, your risk is higher.)
  • Previous stroke or TIA
  • Ethnicity (First Nations people and those of African or South Asian descent are more likely to have high blood pressure and diabetes and therefore, are at greater risk of heart disease and stroke than the general population)

Risk factors you can do something about

  • High blood pressure (hypertension)
  • Heart Disease / Atrial fibrillation (an irregular heart beat)
  • High blood cholesterol
  • Diabetes
  • Smoking
  • Unhealthy weight
  • Excessive alcohol consumption and recreational drug use
  • Physical inactivity
  • Birth control and hormone replacement therapy
  • Stress

Stop smoking

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Continue to the Prevention Page for information and resources on how you can manages these risk factors


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